The Hidden House Bed & Breakfast Resort Villas
Calle Lazaro Cardenas 567, Zona Romantica, Colonia Emiliano Zapata
Old Town Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico 48380
Hacienda is a Spanish word for an estate. Rural haciendas were plantations, mines or factories. Urban hacienda's were places of commerce for the town or village. Many with the water well in the center and the shops, bars and boarding houses circling the courtyard. Each with a large doorway and high wall for protection from enemies. Many haciendas combined productive activities within for a quality of life for its inhabitants of shared luxuries. The hacienda system of Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Mexico, New Granada and Peru was a system of large land holdings. Similar system existed to a lesser scale in the Philippines and Puerto Rico. The hacienda aimed for self-sufficiency in everything but luxuries meant for display, which were destined for the handful of people in the circle of the patrón, also known as the hacendado.
Haciendas originated in land grants, mostly made to conquistadors. It is in Mexico that the hacienda system originated in 1529, when the Spanish crown granted to Hernán Cortés the title of Marquess of the Valley of Oaxaca, which entailed a tract of land that included all of the present state of Morelos.
As time progressed to the economy of the eighteenth century, largely a barter system was in place within an hacienda. There was no court of appeals governing a hacienda. Stock raising was central to ranching haciendas. Where the hacienda included working mines, as in many within Mexico, the patrón might be immensely wealthy.
The largest haciendas could have as many as a thousand inhabitants. Haciendas are all named; they appear on the maps; and they were and some still are considered as important units of public administration, some even being incorporated as municipios. Many included all the customary accessories of an independent community, such as a church, a store, a post office, a burying ground, and sometimes a school or hospital. Workshops were maintained, not only for the repair but even for the manufacture of machinery and of the numerous implements on the estate. The permanent population consists of an administrador, one or more majordomos, a group of foremen, and the regular peons, together with the families of these individuals. Besides these, there were several classes of hangers-on, less permanently attached to the estate. Among the latter are usually a priest or two, clerks, accountants, storekeepers, hired shepherds and cattlemen or miners, and often a number of families who rent small pieces of land from the hacienda on adjacent lands. Over this aggregation the owner presides in a more or less patriarchal manner, the degree of paternal care or of tyranny varying with the character of the individual and with that of his superior employees.
The unusually large and profitable Jesuit hacienda Santa Lucía near Mexico City, established in 1576 and lasting to the expulsion in 1767, has been reconstructed and is an example of a very large and wealthy rural hacienda.
The Catholic Church and its orders, especially the Jesuits, were granted vast hacienda holdings, linking the interests of the church with the rest of the landholding class. In the history of Mexico ultimately this resulted in hostility to the church, including confiscations of their haciendas and other restrictions.
In the early nineteenth century the hacienda remained after the collapse of the colonial system. In some places the end of colonialism meant the fragmentation of the large plantation holdings into a myriad of small subsistence farmers' holdings, an agrarian revolution.
In Mexico the hacienda system was abolished by law in 1917 during the revolution, but remnants of the system affect Mexico today. In rural areas, the wealthiest people typically affect the style of the old hacendados even though their wealth these days derives from more capitalistic enterprises.
With a vast heritage spanning four centuries, Mexican haciendas express a rugged, romantic beauty with their central courtyards vibrant for a sense of community, arcaded silhouettes, rich colors, and natural materials. Our very own Hacienda Escondida P.V Bed and Breakfast represents to our guests a small taste of that historic look and feel paired with modern luxuries in a safe urban environment within blocks to the beaches, bars, boutiques, galleries and nightlife of Puerta Vallarta.